Saturday, April 17, 2010

MVVM Explained

Jeremy Likness' Blog - Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM) Explained

“The purpose of this post is to provide an introduction to the Model-View-ViewModel (MVVM) pattern. While I've participated in lots of discussions online about MVVM, it occurred to me that beginners who are learning the pattern have very little to go on and a lot of conflicting resources to wade through in order to try to implement it in their own code. I am not trying to introduce dogma but wanted to pull together key concepts in a single post to make it easy and straightforward to understand the value of the pattern and how it can be implemented. MVVM is really far simpler than people make it out to be.

Why Even Care About MVVM?

Why should you, as a developer, even care about the Model-View-ViewModel pattern? There are a number of benefits this pattern brings to both WPF and Silverlight development. Before you go on, ask yourself:

  • Do you need to share a project with a designer, and have the flexibility for design work and development work to happen near-simultaneously?
  • Do you require thorough unit testing for your solutions?
  • Is it important for you to have reusable components, both within and across projects in your organization?
  • Would you like more flexibility to change your user interface without having to refactor other logic in the code base?

If you answered "yes" to any of these questions, these are just a few of the benefits that using the MVVM model can bring for your project.

I've been amazed at some conversations I've read online. Things like, "MVVM only makes sense for extremely complex UI" or "MVVM always adds a lot of overhead and is too much for smaller applications." The real kicker was, "MVVM doesn't scale." In my opinion, statements like this speak to knowledge and implementation of MVVM, not MVVM itself. In other words, if you think it takes hours to wire up MVVM, you're not doing it right. If your application isn't scaling, don't blame MVVM, blame how you are using MVVM. Binding 100,000 items to a list box can be just silly regardless of what pattern you are following.

So the quick disclaimer: this is MVVM as I know it, not MVVM as a universal truth. I encourage you to share your thoughts, experiences, feedback, and opinions using the comments. If you feel something is incorrect, let me know and I'll do my best to keep this post updated and current.

MVVM at a Glance



Remember, friends (who are WPF/SilverLight developers) don’t let friends code-behind (for any project of any complexity, depth or life span)…

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